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Tips for Early Literacy: 2 to 3 Years

Let’s grow closer to our children during our daily reading time!

  • Find a quiet place at home, or turn off the TV and put away any tablets or computers. Research shows that we don’t remember information as well when we read it on a screen.
  • Let your child choose the book, even if it’s the same one every night!
  • When selecting a book, remember childrean listen on a much a higher reading level than they can read. Reading to your child helps increase their vocabulary and this is very important at this age. In the early years of school, almost all learning and instruction is verbal.
  • Ask your child to repeat words and phrases you say or read.
  • Read in English and Spanish, you can read the story in Spanish first and then go over it in English.
  • Ask questions during reading time: “Look at the lion! How do we say lion in Spanish?”
  • When visiting the library, let your child choose the books he/she wants to read. This will help your child be more interested in reading.
  • Always read the title of the book. When you ask your child to pick up the book, do it by using the title. This will help your child memorize words and see how they are written.
  • Count the pictures and ask your child to count with you.
  • After the reading is done, ask your child to recount what happened in the story. This helps develop sequencing.
  • Be enthusiastic about reading, give positive feedback to your child.
  • If your child does not want to engage in reading time, don’t be discouraged. Read to them anyway. One bad experience should not mean the end of your child’s literacy development!

Milestones: 2–3 years

Your child is now a toddler, he/she wants to explore the world around him/her. Here are some things that your child can do between two and three years of age. Keep in mind that each child is unique and his or her development should not be compared to other children their age. All children develop at their own pace but there are milestones that every child should hit. If you notice that your child has not reached these milestones after a reasonable waiting time or your child stopped the learning process, please visit your pediatrician. Only a medical specialist can diagnose your child.

  • Uses the cup and spoon all by himself/herself.
  • Walks well, runs, stops, steps up and squats down.
  • Calls people and pets by name.
  • Names 5-6 body parts on himself/herself.
  • Answers simple questions.
  • Knows and recognizes his or her name.
  • Uses 2 to 3 word sentences regularly, for example: “I want more.”
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